As a responsible UK lighting manufacturer, with ISO 9001:2008 accreditation, we have adopted the UV-C Safety Guidelines published by the Global Lighting Association, as our minimum standard for product safety. 

To find out more information on UVC technology, its uses, evidence and research using the links below. 

UVC Light Resources 


Published by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - available for download. Title: Final Report: Effectiveness of UV Irradiation for Pathogen Inactivation in Surface Waters. 

https://cfpub.epa.gov/ncer_abstracts/index.cfm/fuseaction/display.abstractDetail/abstract/1128/report/F 

Authors: Karl G. Linden and Mark D. Sobsey.


Published in the Journal of Virological Methods, Volume 121, Issue 1, October 2004, <Pages 85-91. Title: Inactivation of the coronavirus that induces severe acute respiratory syndrome, SARS CoV. 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016609340400179X

Authors : Miriam E.R. Darnell, Kanta Subbarao, Stephen M Feinstone, Deborah R. Taylor.  


Published in the US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, 21 Sept 2017. Title: The uses and limitations of a hand-held germicidal ultraviolet wand for surface disinfection.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7157946/

Authors: George Byrns, Beverly Barham, Liangcheng Yang, Kathryn Webster, George Rutherford, Garrett Steiner, Daniel Petras and Michele Scannell. 


Published by Runner's World. Title: Just How Filthy Is Your Reusable Water Bottle. 

https://www.runnersworld.com/news/a25671476/water-bottle-bacteria/

Author: Jordan Smith.


Published by Illuminating Engineering Society (IES) Photobiology Committee Report CR-2-20-V1 - available for download. Title: Germicidal Ultraviolet (GUV) - Frequently Asked Questions.

https://www.ies.org/standards/committee-reports/ies-committee-report-cr-2-20-faqs/

Authors: Prepared by the GUV Task Group of the IES Photobiology Committee. 


Published by the Water Research Center. Title: UV Disinfection Drinking Water Treatment.

https://www.water-research.net/index.php/water-treatment/water-disinfection/uv-disinfection

Author: Mr Brian Oram, PG. 


Published by American Journal of Infection Centre (AJC). Title: Portable UV Light as an Alternative for Decontamination. 

https://www.ajicjournal.org/article/S0196-6553(14)01086-4/abstract?cc=y=%22%3Ehttps://www.ajicjournal.org/article/S0196-6553(14)01086-4/abstract?cc=y=%3C/a%3E%C2%A0

Authors: Lasse Per Petersson, Urs-Vito Albrecht (MD), Ludwig Sedlacek (MD), Stefanie Gemein (PHD), Jurgen Gebel (PHD) and Ralf-Peter Vonberg (MD).